Coral reefs are fragile ecosystems that are under threat from humans. When they are stressed, coral polyps lose their zooxanthellae ( say zoo-zan-thell-ee) and die. Once the polyps have died the coral structure that is left appears white and is described as ‘bleached.’ Scientist believe many reefs can be saved if they are protected now. Pollution is One of biggest coral killers, and removing it could have an immediate effect on reef survival. Millions of people rely on coral reefs for their survival. These ecosystems not only support fish and other animals, they also protect coastal regions from damage by storms and wave action.
How can you help? By taking small steps such as recycling, using biodegradable materials, picking up trash at the beach and putting it where it belongs, and not pouring anything other than water down drains. These are small steps we can all take to help save our reefs.